Investigação

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Ecological traits of fish assemblages from Mediterranean Europe and its implications when assessing human pressure

Ano
2007
Abstract

Mediterranean river systems are characterised by more diverse fish assemblages and regional ecological processes compared with the rest of Europe. A data set from Mediterranean France, Iberia and Greece (~2000 sites) was used to describe the characteristics of fish assemblages, explore their responses to anthropogenic disturbance and analyse the implications for river quality assessment. There was a southwards decline in species richness per site, but endemicity and proportion of alien species increased. Sites in the eastern Mediterranean had higher endemicity, lower site richness and lower number of alien species than sites in western Mediterranean Europe. Assemblage composition differed between Mediterranean sub-regions, but was dominated by three major fish types: a salmonid fish type common throughout the study area and two cyprinid- dominated fish types (in some sub-regions, Salmo trutta L. is present but not numerically dominant), corresponding to a gradient in hydrological and temperature regimes. Metric responses to perturbation were compared with those found at the European (larger scale) and basin (smaller scale) levels. Overall metric response was weaker in this Mediterranean application. The best responses to human pressure were usually obtained with abundance-based metrics and included the contribution of naturalised alien species. Some widespread alien species contributed to the response to anthropogenic alteration (notably Cyprinus carpio L. and Lepomis gibbosus (L.))

Keywords

Aquatic ecology; Fish; Mediterranean; Anthropogenic pressure

Tipo de Artigo
Investigação
Tipo de Revisão
Internacional
Âmbito Geográfico
Internacional
Situação
Publicado
Área de Trabalho
Referência

Ferreira, T; Caiola, N; Casals, F; Cortes, R; Economous, A; Garcia-Jallon, D; Ilhéu, M; Martinez-Capel, F & ... (2007). Ecological traits of fish assemblages from Mediterranean Europe and its implications when assessing human pressure. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14: 473-481